India generates 3.6 lakh million tons of plastic waste, 50% of which is recycled

He also added that 15.8 lakh TPA of plastic waste was recycled and 1.67 lakh TPA was co-processed. This makes 50% of the total plastic waste produced recycled.

The minister also said the number of plastic waste processors registered under the plastic waste management rules is 1,419.

The Minister was referring to the annual report of the Central Pollution Control Commission for 2019-20.

Referring to another study by the National Center for Coastal Research, he said plastic waste collected from beaches ranges from 40% to 96%.

“The ministry, under its central sectoral program ‘Creation of Hazardous Substances Management Structures’, provides financial support for innovative technologies for environmentally sound management of chemicals and wastes,” Choubey said in its press release. hurry.

Recently, India banned the manufacture, import, storage, distribution, sale and use of identified single-use plastic items, which have low utility and high litter potential, in all the country from July 1, 2022.

The list of prohibited items includes – headphones with plastic sticks, plastic balloon sticks, plastic flags, candy sticks, ice cream sticks, polystyrene (thermocol) for decoration, plastic plates , cups, glasses, cutlery such as forks, spoons, knives, straws, trays, wrapping or wrapping films around candy boxes, invitation cards, packets of cigarettes, plastic or PVC banners of less than 100 microns, stirrers.

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) report (2019-2020) stated that 3.5 million metric tons of plastic waste is generated annually in India.

Speaking of a 2021 United Nations document and several media reports, 77 countries around the world had passed a full or partial ban on plastic bags.

According to Blue and Green magazine, St. Kitts and Nevis, a small two-island nation that is a Caribbean destination, has tackled the issue of single-use plastic to preserve its natural beauty and tourist appeal. The country has launched the “Plastics Be Gone” initiative which aims to reduce plastic consumption by 30% over five years. A “Plastic Free July” program has also encouraged residents to move away from plastic waste altogether.

In 2017, the East African nation of Kenya banned single-use carrier bags and imposed stiff fines of up to $40,000 for anyone violating them. In 2020, Bangladesh called on hospitality industry players to stop the supply of toiletries and other plastic-wrapped products. According to the report, Bangladesh was the first country in the world to ban plastic carrier bags in 2002.

On June 20, the Canadian government released final regulations to ban “harmful” single-use plastics, with a ban on the manufacture and import of most such items set to come into force in December. The ban would affect single-use plastics, including checkout bags, cutlery, catering utensils made from or containing hard-to-recycle plastic, ring holders, stir sticks and straws, a the Canadian government said in a statement.

In early 2020, China announced a ban on non-degradable bags in major cities by the end of 2020 and in all cities and towns by 2022.

Recently, on June 8, 2022, the United States Department of the Interior announced that it will phase out single-use plastic products on public lands by 2032, including in national parks, as part of of an initiative to tackle a major source of plastic waste in the United States as recycling efforts falter. The ocean ends up absorbing a large amount of plastic pollution, absorbing more than 14 million tons of plastic per year. Plastic accounts for 80% of all marine debris found on the surface, the Home Office said. The department produced nearly 80,000 tons of municipal solid waste in fiscal year 2020.

Meanwhile, all developed and developing countries are individually taking action to manage plastic waste, but the responsibility lies primarily with developing countries.

Plastic was first invented in 1907, and since it was cheaper and more practical than other materials, it quickly found a variety of uses in our daily lives.

The harmful effects of single-use plastic waste on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, including in the marine environment, are globally recognized.

From 1950 to 2015, approximately 8.3 billion metric tons (BMT) of plastic were produced globally, of which 80% – 6.3 BMT – was considered plastic waste.

Plastic pollution has grown from two million tonnes in 1950 to 348 million tonnes in 2017, becoming a global industry valued at $522.6 billion, the UN Environment Program (UNEP) has said. It should double in capacity by 2040.

In India, the plastic waste management rules of 2016 and 2018 and the recently announced amendment of 2021 focus on single-use plastics. The rules detail the different categories of plastics and recommend recycling methods based on the type of plastic polymer used.

Various manufacturing industries around the world produce 400 million tonnes of plastic waste per year, with the packaging industry being the biggest contributor.

On July 25, Earth Science Minister Jitendra Singh said that more than 200 tonnes of waste, mostly single-use plastic, had been removed from sea shores in the first 20 days of the clean-up campaign. ribs in progress.

Singh reviewed the progress of the 75-day campaign launched on July 5 and aimed to remove 1,500 tonnes of rubbish from the country’s 7,500km coastline by September 17, which is celebrated as International Clean-up Day sides.

According to the United Nations, approximately 11 million tons of plastic waste ends up in water bodies every year. Over the next two decades, that number is expected to triple, he said. Faced with a crisis, the 175 member countries of the United Nations Environment Assembly agreed in March to draw up a treaty to limit the use of plastic by the end of 2024.

Businesses, not individuals, are the biggest plastic offenders, according to a Bloomberg report. Specifically, 20 companies, which produce more than half of all single-use plastics, according to a 2021 analysis by the Australian non-profit Minderoo Foundation. Oil giant Exxon Mobil Corp. is the world’s number one plastic polluter, he said.

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Bryce K. Locke